some


some
[[t]səm, STRONG sʌm[/t]]
1) DET: DET n-uncount/pl-n You use some to refer to a quantity of something or to a number of people or things, when you are not stating the quantity or number precisely.

Robin opened some champagne...

Heat a couple of tablespoons of olive oil, a chopped clove of garlic and some black pepper in a heavy saucepan...

He went to fetch some books...

Some children refuse to eat on time and others overeat.

PRON
Some is also a pronoun.

This year all the apples are all red. My niece and nephew are going out this morning with step-ladders to pick some.

2) DET: DET n-uncount/pl-n (emphasis) You use some to emphasize that a quantity or number is fairly large. For example, if an activity takes some time, it takes quite a lot of time.

The question of local government finance has been the subject of debate for some years...

I have discussed this topic in some detail...

He remained silent for some time...

It took some effort to conceal her relief.

3) DET: DET n-uncount/sing-n (emphasis) You use some to emphasize that a quantity or number is fairly small. For example, if something happens to some extent, it happens a little.

`Isn't there some chance that William might lead a normal life?' asked Jill...

All mothers share to some extent in the tension of a wedding...

Some fishing is still allowed, but limits have been imposed on the size of the catch.

4) QUANT: QUANT of n-uncount/pl-n If you refer to some of the people or things in a group, you mean a few of them but not all of them. If you refer to some of a particular thing, you mean a part of it but not all of it.
Ant:
/Ant:

Some of the people already in work will lose their jobs...

Remove the cover and spoon some of the sauce into a bowl...

Boats crammed with hot and angry holidaymakers, some of whom had waited for up to two days to cross...

Some of us are sensitive to smells, others find colours easier to remember.

Ant:
UANT of n-uncount/pl-n> If you refer to some of the people or things in a group, you mean a few of them but not all of them. If you refer to some of a particular thing, you mean a part of it but not all of it.
Ant:
PRON
Some is also a pronoun.

Shivering tourists had congregated in the only open bar in town. Some, desperate for the sun, headed down to Lisbon, while the rest of us decided to sample the sea air of Biarritz... When the chicken is cooked I'll freeze some.

5) DET: DET sing-n If you refer to some person or thing, you are referring to that person or thing but in a vague way, without stating precisely which person or thing you mean.

If you are worried about some aspect of your child's health, call us...

Jim Partridge chucked himself off some bridge or other...

Three years ago there was an incident at the local school when some bloke started shooting the place up.

6) ADV: ADV num You can use some in front of a number to indicate that it is approximate.

I have kept birds for some 30 years...

He waited some 80 to 100 yards from the big pink villa...

The headquarters is some 30 miles due west.

Syn:
7) ADV: ADV after v Some is used to mean to a small extent or degree. [AM]

If Susanne is off somewhere, I'll kill time by looking around some...

`I party some,' said Jed...

He decided we should spend Christmas in Acapulco. There we could ski some and relax.

8) DET (feelings) You can use some in front of a noun in order to express your approval or disapproval of the person or thing you are mentioning. [INFORMAL]

She lived to be ninety-nine years old and only weighed eighty pounds but she'd raised eight kids. That was some tough woman!...

`Some party!' - `Yep. One hell of a party.'


English dictionary. 2008.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Some — (s[u^]m), a. [OE. som, sum, AS. sum; akin to OS., OFries., & OHG. sum, OD. som, D. sommig, Icel. sumr, Dan. somme (pl.), Sw. somlige (pl.), Goth. sums, and E. same. [root]191. See {Same}, a., and cf. { some}.] 1. Consisting of a greater or less… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • some — [ səm, strong sʌm ] function word, quantifier *** Some can be used in the following ways: as a determiner (followed by an uncountable noun): I ll make some coffee. (followed by a plural noun): She brought me some flowers. (followed by a singular… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • some — 1. The use of some to mean ‘very much’ or ‘notably such’ in sentences of the type. This is some party is still considered suitable mainly for informal contexts, and Churchill s famous line in a speech in 1941, Some chicken! Some neck! (in… …   Modern English usage

  • some — [sum] adj. [ME som < OE sum, a certain one, akin to Goth sums < IE * som > SAME] 1. being a certain one or ones not specified or known [open some evenings] 2. being of a certain unspecified (but often considerable) number, quantity,… …   English World dictionary

  • -some — ♦ Élément, du gr. sôma « corps » : centrosome, chromosome, ribosome. somato , some éléments, du gr. sôma, sômatos, corps . some V. somato . ⇒ SOME, élém. formant Élém. tiré du gr. , de « corps », entrant dans la constr. de termes sav. en biol. et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • -some — as a suffix forming adjectives, it represents O.E. sum (see SOME (Cf. some); Cf. O.Fris. sum, Ger. sam, O.N. samr), related to sama same. As a suffix added to numerals meaning a group of that number (Cf. twosome) it represents O.E. sum some, used …   Etymology dictionary

  • Some — may refer to:*Some, a word denoting an indeterminate number of something: see Grammatical number* Some , a song by Built to Spill from their 1994 album There s Nothing Wrong with Love *Some Records, an US record label.*So Others Might Eat (SOME) …   Wikipedia

  • Some — Données clés Réalisation Chang Yoon hyun Scénario Kim Eun jeong Kim Eun shil Acteurs principaux Ko Soo Song Ji hyo Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • some — O.E. sum some, from P.Gmc. *sumas (Cf. O.S., O.Fris., O.H.G. sum, O.N. sumr, Goth. sums), from PIE root *sem one, as one (Cf. Skt. samah even, level, similar, identical; Gk. HAMO (Cf. hamo ); see SAME (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • -some — ( s[u^]m). [AS. sum; akin to G. & OHG. sam, Icel. samr, Goth. lustusams longed for. See {Same}, a., and cf. {Some}, a.] An adjective suffix having primarily the sense of like or same, and indicating a considerable degree of the thing or quality… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • -some — Ⅰ. some [1] ► SUFFIX forming adjectives meaning: 1) productive of: loathsome. 2) characterized by being: wholesome. 3) apt to: tiresome. ORIGIN Old English. Ⅱ. some …   English terms dictionary